Harvard Business School Professor Jesse W. Markham dies at 93

first_imgFormer Harvard Business School (HBS) Professor Jesse W. Markham, an economist whose work focused on price theory and industrial organization, died in his sleep on June 21 in Nashua, N.H., at an assisted-living home. He was 93.By the time he joined the HBS faculty in 1968 from Princeton University, where he had been professor of economics, Markham was a well-known proponent of the “rule of reason” to determine whether a merger should pass muster under federal antitrust laws. “Unlike those who advocated following arbitrary guidelines regarding industry concentration and market share,” he said in a 1993 interview at the School, “I preferred to look at each case on its own merits.”A major study Markham undertook at HBS supported that point of view. Published in 1973, Conglomerate Enterprise and Public Policy was a detailed examination of more than 200 large corporations that had diversified during the merger mania of the 1960s. Although companies such as Textron, Gulf & Western, and International Telephone and Telegraph (ITT) were acquiring a mixture of other firms during that decade, Markham found no enhancement of “market power” in any of the diverse industries in which these conglomerates operated.It was the opportunity to deal with these kinds of problems that led Markham to accept Dean George P. Baker’s invitation to teach and do research at Harvard Business School. “I came here because the theories on which public policy was being built in economics didn’t square with the realities of the marketplace,” he once observed. “I wanted to work in an environment where my colleagues, students, and contacts were close to managerial decision making.”Appropriately, Markham’s first classroom assignment at HBS was in the School’s Advanced Management Program (AMP), where he taught a survey of international trade problems and public policies affecting American business. In the M.B.A. program, he offered a second-year elective called “Marketing and Public Policy,” and from 1978 to 1982 he served as head of “Creative Marketing Strategies,” a field study course that put student teams to work on issues facing actual clients.Markham was born in Sharps, Va., on April 16, 1916. He traced his interest in economics to his sophomore year at the University of Richmond, where he won praise from a professor for his work in an introductory class. Encouraged to continue his studies in the field, he opted to major in economics rather than engineering. Excelling in the classroom and on the baseball diamond, he received his bachelor’s degree in 1941 as a member of Phi Beta Kappa. He began graduate school in economics that fall at Johns Hopkins University.When a fellowship enabled him to spend part of the year doing research in Boston, Markham sat in on some courses offered by the Harvard Economics Department. Although World War II interrupted his education in 1942, his experience in Cambridge made a lasting impression. After three years as an officer in the U.S. Navy, where he saw combat as a gunnery officer on a heavy cruiser, he decided to return to Harvard to resume his academic career. He earned a master’s degree in 1947 and a Ph.D. two years later.Markham’s first faculty appointment was at Vanderbilt University. In 1953, however, as he was about to take a position at Princeton, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) selected him to be its chief economist. “At a time when Congress had passed an act putting arbitrary constraints on corporate mergers,” Markham said, “the Eisenhower administration saw me as a voice in favor of a standard of workable, as opposed to perfect, competition. I could advocate the benefits of letting certain firms work together to foster innovation, which buyers value just as much as temporary price advantages — the traditional yardstick of competitiveness.”Leaving the FTC in 1955, Markham finally took his place at Princeton, where he taught for more than a decade, except for stints as a visiting professor in the Harvard Economics Department and at HBS. Three years after heeding Baker’s call to stay at Harvard permanently in 1968, Markham was named the School’s Charles E. Wilson Professor of Business Administration. He retired from the active faculty in 1982, but went on to teach for two years at Emory University. He was also a member of the Harvard Extension School faculty for many years. “I have always been energized by my work with students,” he explained.Markham authored 12 scholarly books and more than 150 articles. In 1994, Harvard Business School honored him with a Distinguished Service Award. The citation he received read in part: “Honored scholar and master of merger policy, you have been trusted by professors and presidents to analyze the pros and cons of corporate combinations. … Your love of teaching has been legend, your admirers legion, and your publishing prolific. Never a retiring sort, you have been a rich resource to all of Harvard, a steady guide in the constant search for VERITAS.”Markham is survived by his wife of 65 years, the former Penelope Anton; three children, Elizabeth (Betsy) McLean of Merrimack, N.H., John James Emmanuel II of Boston, and Jesse William Jr. of San Francisco; a niece, Penny Boling of Manchester-by-the-Sea, Mass.; six grandchildren; and six great-grandchildren.last_img read more

On Friday, state parks open and gathering sizes increase

first_imgSmall Business Administration WebinarsThe SBA Vermont District Office is hosting a free daily webinar(link is external) at 9:00am Monday to Friday to discuss Paycheck Protection Program forgiveness and other changes. They are also hosting a free webinar(link is external) at 9:00am Tuesdays and Thursdays to discuss the Paycheck Protection Program, the Economic Injury Disaster Loan and Advance, and pertinent updates. EIDL Program Reopened for Small Businesses and NonprofitsThe US Small Businesses Administration has reopened the Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) and EIDL Advance program portal(link is external) to all eligible applicants experiencing economic impacts due to COVID-19. The EIDL program offers long-term, low interest loans for small businesses and nonprofits that can be used to cover payroll and inventory, pay debt, or fund other expenses. The EIDL Advance program will provide up to $10,000 of emergency economic relief grants to businesses that are currently experiencing temporary difficulties. PPP Deadline NearingThe Paycheck Protection Program(link is external) provides small businesses with funds for payroll costs and is taking applications until June 30th. More than $100 billion in PPP funds are still available. Small businesses can use funds for up to 24 weeks and have the option of extending the life of the loan from two years to five. SBA will forgive loans if funds are used as intended. Business ImpactACCD wants to hear from all Vermont businesses impacted by the response to the COVID-19 virus. Please share these impacts via the ACCD Business Impact Form(link is external), which will help us assess the full impact as we work toward solutions.center_img State Parks Opening Friday, June 26thAgency of Commerce & Community Development All of Vermont’s state parks will be open for public use(link is external) effective June 26th. Mandatory health and safety guidelines will be in effect. Day use activity will be managed to ensure sufficient physical space is available for social distancing, and amenities will be scaled back. State park campgrounds will be limited to tent, RV and lean-to camping; a new and improved web-based reservation system(link is external) is also now available. Capacity and Gathering Size Increases for Hospitality Sector and EventsACCD has updated its Drive-in Operation guidance (Section 5.2)(link is external) to make it clear firework displays and parades can move forward as drive-in viewing events. Sample plans(link is external) from Vermont towns for safe fireworks displays are now available.As a reminder – effective Friday, June 26th – arts, culture, and entertainment venues, as well as restaurants, can expand capacity for events and dining to 50% of approved occupancy size, with new maximum gathering sizes of 75 people for indoor events and 150 people for outdoor events.last_img read more

ROKA and IRONMAN in multi-year partnership

first_img Related ROKA and IRONMAN have announced that ROKA Sports will be the exclusive swim partner and swim course sponsor for all US IRONMAN events, including the IRONMAN World Championship beginning in 2015.As part of the partnership, IRONMAN will carry an assortment of ROKA co-branded products, including swim skins, wetsuits, caps, goggles and other swimwear beginning in March 2015.ROKA Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Rob Canales said, “IRONMAN and its community inspire us. For the dynamic, growing team at ROKA, this partnership is an amazing opportunity to connect directly with an incredible group of people who believe that ‘Anything is Possible’. We look forward to working closely with IRONMAN and IRONMAN athletes to elevate their experience over the next several years through ground-breaking products, support and initiatives.”“We are thrilled to partner with ROKA – as their innovative team and products are well-respected by IRONMAN athletes,” said Andrew Messick, Chief Executive Officer of IRONMAN. “We look forward to working with ROKA to enhance the athlete experience through our shared commitment to and passion for the sport of triathlon.”“For many athletes, completing an IRONMAN triathlon represents the ultimate challenge,” added Ryan Dolan, ROKA Vice President of Sales & Marketing. “For others who race multiple times a year or have done many races over an extended period, IRONMAN is a way of life. For all athletes, IRONMAN is more than a race. We are honoured to support the incredible dedication, perseverance and endurance that defines this community and organization.”ROKA’s growing team of partner coaches and sponsored athletes includes:Current and 4x ITU World Champion & 2012 Olympic Silver Medallist Javier Gómez;ITU World Champion Gwen Jorgensen;Six-time Hawaii Ironman World Champion, coach, award-winning author, motivational speaker and ESPN’s ‘Greatest Endurance Athlete of All-Time’ Mark Allen and Mark Allen Coaching;2x Ironman World Champion Chris McCormack;Siri Lindley and Team Sirius;Mat Steinmetz and 51 Speed Shop;2x ITU World Champion and Olympic Bronze Medallist Emma Moffatt;2x Ironman 70.3 World Champion Melissa Hauschildt;IM 70.3 World Champion & 3x XTERRA World Champion Julie Dibens2013 Kona Runner-up & Challenge Roth winner Rachel Joyce and others.ROKA was founded in 2011 by two former All-American swimmers from Stanford University, who, after being frustrated by the offering on the market, set out to make the fastest wetsuits on the planet. After two years of intense R&D, and testing by athletes of all abilities, ROKA launched its patent-pending Maverick wetsuit, Viper swimskin and SIM short training line.ROKA products were immediately sought out by elite and developing swimmers alike. Over the past two years, professional athletes in ROKA finished ‘First Out of the Water’ at back-to-back Ironman World Championships, Ironman 70.3 World Championships, and ITU WTS Grand Finals, as well as many other races around the world.In 2014, ROKA athletes Javier Gómez and Gwen Jorgensen won three World Championship titles. ROKA is based in Dallas, Texas with employees in Southern California, Boulder, Colorado and athletes around the world.www.rokasports.comwww.ironman.comlast_img read more

Mission council rejects name ‘Celebration Park’ for small park near new apartments

first_imgThe preliminary design for the park at Broadmoor and Martway in Mission.Mission will be getting a small park later this year when the Welstone at Mission Crossing senior housing project is finished, but a name that had been suggested for the park didn’t make the cut.The city council rejected the name “Celebration Park” during a committee discussion Wednesday night. The park naming process will go back to the parks and recreation committee and suggestions will be accepted from the public.The Celebration Park name was forwarded to the council for action after a public hearing last month drew nobody speaking for or against it. The name dates back to 2011 when the parks committee solicited names from the public and received 35 suggestions. The name originally was submitted by the parks committee and tree board in January 2013.Part of the idea for the celebration theme included the prospect that developments on the east and west ends of city, including the Gateway project at Roe and Johnson Drive, would be completed or well under way and the name would make that celebration.“You are not going to hurt anyone’s feelings,” said Parks Director Christy Humerickhouse, in reaction to the council rejection. The name met with no enthusiasm from the council members and Councilor Suzie Gibbs recommended it go back to the committees and ask residents to weigh in on the name.The park will be less than one acre at the southwest corner of Martway and Broadmoor. The land was donated by the developer of the apartment project along with $100,000 to design and construct the park. The land is currently being used to store construction materials.The council also saw preliminary designs for the park Wednesday and asked for more pricing information to select which amenities will be included in the final project.Among the names submitted in 2011 were Broadway Park, Waymoor Park, Trails West, Yearbook Plaza, The Mission Green, The Fields of Mission, Martway Meadows, Westgate Park, The Mission Glen, Breyfogle Family Park, Wagon West Park, Clear Spring Park, Santa Fe Trail Park, and McConwell Park among many others. Several of the names on the list related to Mission’s history as a rest stop along the Santa Fe Trail or other early history.The city does have a protocol for naming parks. It suggests neighborhood or boundary roads, geographic features, historical events or cultural attributes, historical figures, an individual who has made a civic contribution or a monetary contribution to the parks system. Unless a stipulation of a donation, parks are not named for living individuals.last_img read more

Brooks stars for Gophers in final year

first_img“She’s in a lot better shape because she was really able to continue training while at home, whereas here, the kids go home and they’re on bikes and treadmills,” Bingle said. “She was on an outdoor track.”But Brooks isn’t excelling solely because she trained outdoors this winter. She also relishes competition.Bingle said Brooks is competitive in everything she does — even thumb wrestling.Her competitive nature stood out in the offseason when the team participated in boot camp.“At boot camp, Bingle puts us into little teams, and we have little competitions,” Brooks said. “I don’t care; I just want to win. I’ll be yelling at my little team, ‘Let’s go! Let’s go!’”That drive and competitive spirit has Brooks thinking big this season and beyond.Brooks said her ultimate goal is to run in the Olympics. Bingle said it’s possible because she’s still young and very driven.“It means so much to me,” Brooks said. “I think I just have to stay focused and continue doing what I’m doing.” Brooks stars for Gophers in final yearAlena Brooks hails from Trinidad but has found a home with the Gophers.Daily File Photo; Jaak JensenGophers middle-distance runner Alena Brooks warms up before practice Monday, May 6, 2013, at Bierman Field. Jack SatzingerJanuary 23, 2014Jump to CommentsShare on FacebookShare on TwitterShare via EmailPrintMatt Bingle traveled to the island nation of Trinidad in 2008. That’s where he first saw Alena Brooks run.Brooks had lived in Trinidad her entire life. But Bingle, the director of women’s track and field at the University of Minnesota, convinced her to move to the upper Midwest and run track at the Division I level.“Coach Bingle was one of the first coaches interested in me,” Brooks said. “I was ready to come here and was loyal to him. The next year, more coaches started coming, but Coach Bingle saw the talent in me before everyone else.”Now opposing Big Ten coaches have to compete with Brooks’ talent on the track.In last week’s season-opening meet, the Northwest Open, Brooks set a meet record in the 600-meter run (1:29.65).That time is currently best in the nation in that event. For her efforts, Brooks earned a Big Ten accolade as Indoor Track Athlete of the Week.“It’s an exceptional mark — for this early, it’s fast,” Bingle said. “It’s also an event that nobody else in the country runs. It’s a Big Ten event, not an NCAA event.”Brooks’ early success this season can be attributed to her training regimen.She went back to Trinidad for winter break and trained outdoors. Brooks said it’s much easier to train in the warmer Caribbean climate.last_img read more

Antibiotics in pregnancy tied to higher miscarriage risk

first_imgA large study yesterday in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) suggests that the use of certain antibiotics taken early in pregnancy raises the risk of miscarriage.In a nested case control study of more than 95,000 pregnant women in Quebec, Canada, researchers from the Universite de Montreal found that the use macrolides (excluding erythromycin), quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides, and metronidazole was associated with increased risk of miscarriage in early pregnancy, with the increased risk ranging from 65% to a more than twofold increase. Use of the quinolone antibiotic norfloxacin was associated with a nearly fivefold increase in risk.Although the study established only an association and not a causal effect, and it is unclear how antibiotics increase the risk of miscarriage, the authors suggest the results could alter treatment guidelines.”Our findings may be of use to policy-makers to update guidelines for the treatment of infections during pregnancy,” the authors write.Large, population-based studyIn the study, the authors analyzed data from the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort, an ongoing population-based system with prospective data collection on all pregnancies covered by the Quebec Public Prescription Drug Insurance Plan from 1998 through 2009.The study included women who were 15 to 45 years old on the first day of gestation, were continuously covered by the province’s drug plan, and had a diagnosis or procedure related to clinically detected spontaneous abortion before the 20th week of gestation. For each case of miscarriage, the authors selected 10 control cases and matched them by gestational age and year of pregnancy.Antibiotic exposure was defined as having filled at least one prescription for any type of antibiotic either between the first day of gestation and the date of miscarriage, or before pregnancy but with a duration that overlapped the first day of gestation.Out of a total of 182,369 pregnancies, the authors identified 8,702 pregnancies that ended with a clinically detected miscarriage with a mean gestation age of 14.1 weeks and compared them with 87,020 matched controls. The women who had miscarriages were more likely to be older, live alone, and have comorbidities and infections. A total of 1,428 of the women who had miscarriages (16.4%) were exposed to antibiotics during early pregnancy compared with 11,018 (12.6%) of the control patients.After adjusting for potential confounding factors, such as age, socioeconomic status, and comorbidities, the authors found increased risk of miscarriage associated with azithromycin (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.65), clarithromycin (AOR, 2.35), tetracyclines (AOR, 2.59), doxycycline (AOR, 2.81), minocycline (AOR, 2.48), quinolones (AOR, 2.72), ciprofloxacin (AOR, 2.45), norfloxacin (AOR, 4.81), levofloxacin (AOR, 3.28), sulfonamides (AOR, 2.01), and metronidazole (AOR, 1.70).Exposure to nitrofurantoin, erythromycin, penicillins, and cephalosporins was not linked to increased miscarriage risk.Further sub-analyses of women with urinary tract infections and respiratory tract infections, and comparisons of the women treated with the risk-associated antibiotics to a comparator group who received penicillins and cephalosporins, produced similar results.The authors say their findings are consistent with the findings of previous studies that have indicated an association between antibiotic exposure and increased risk of miscarriage, including a Medicaid cohort study that showed metronidazole was linked to a 70% increased risk of miscarriage. But they acknowledge that one confounder they could not fully adjust for was severity of infection; in other words, the severity of the infection, more so than the antibiotic used, could have been a factor in the miscarriage.”Residual confounding by severity of infection cannot be ruled out,” they write.In addition, the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort does not include data on tobacco use, alcohol intake, folic acid use, and body mass index—factors that could also play a role in miscarriage.Weighing risks, benefitsUse of antibiotics is common in pregnant women, with some estimates indicating as many as one in four women will be prescribed an antibiotic during pregnancy. Although the science on how pregnancy affects the immune system remains unsettled, some expecting mothers are more prone to infections, and pregnancy can make some infections more severe.”During pregnancy, there’s a certain amount of dampening of the immune system, and that’s in place so that the mother does not reject the fetus,” Yvonne Butler Tobah, MD, an obstetrician/gynecologist at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., told CIDRAP News. “Because of that, when pregnant women get infections, it’s easier, for example, for influenza to become pneumonia…or a urinary tract infection to become a kidney infection.”Because of this potential for infections to worsen in pregnant women, Butler Tobah said, proper treatment of bacterial infections with antibiotics is essential for maintaining maternal and fetal health. She was not involved in the study.While most antibiotics have been considered safe for pregnant women, there have been concerns about a potential link to birth defects. A 2009 study by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities found that the antibiotics most commonly used for urinary tract infections—penicillins, erythromycins, and cephalosporins—were not associated with birth defects.The study did, however, find an increased risk of birth defects among women taking sulfonamides and nitrofurantoins, though it was impossible to determine a causal relationship.A 2015 study led by the same researchers that conducted the current study found no meaningful link between the use of azithromycin and clarithromycin and birth defects. That study also used data from the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort.Butler Tobah said that taking into account the potential complications of antibiotic use in early pregnancy is a valid message, but she noted the several limitations of the current study, including confounding by infection severity and the fact that antibiotic exposure was based on filled prescriptions—not always a reliable measure of exposure. In addition, Butler Tobah explained that some of the antibiotics included in the study, such as doxycycline and minocycline, are not recommended for use in pregnant women except in the case of life-threatening infections, because of concerns about potential adverse effects on the mother and fetus.Butler Tobah said she doesn’t think the finding should affect guidelines for the use of antibiotics in pregnant women, but said the study is a good reminder that clinicians should use antibiotics only when indicated and should be aware of possible risks associated with the antibiotic of choice.”In general, providers caring for obstetric patients must understand that much is unknown about the effects of antibiotics in early pregnancy, that antibiotics must only be prescribed if the benefits clearly outweigh the risks, and the general safety profile of each medication must be taken into consideration,” she said.See also:May 1 CMAJ studylast_img read more

Valuable lessons from Queens Moat fiasco

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50 down, 50 to go for Yo! Sushi

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Barbados reopening in earnest

first_imgBarbados Prime Minister Hon. Mia Mottley last night announced significant easing of Covid-19 related restrictions, including the reopening of businesses from Monday 15 June. More deaths from COVID-19 recorded in CARICOM countries,… All businesses, except day care centres, can reopen from Monday, June 15. Day care centres can reopen from 22 June after appropriate training from the Ministry of Health;Parks and beaches will no longer have restrictions on hours;Public Service Vehicles and buses will operate at full sitting capacity and half of any stipulated standing capacity. All passengers must wear masks for their entire journey;Sporting activity will be permitted, with arrangements to be put in place for limited spectators, who will have to adhere to strict physical distancing and wearing of masks;Social events, for example dinners, weddings, receptions, banquets and parties will be permitted. However, events with more than 250 persons will need to consult with the Ministry of Health and Wellness for guidelines of operation;Gyms can reopen but they must have the capacity to deal with physical distancing. However, the Prime Minister pointed out that some restrictions will remain in place for the time being.These include restrictions on visits to hospitals, prisons, and senior citizens homes, to reduce the potential for any negative impact on the most vulnerable. CMO says Saint Lucia at critical stage of COVID-19 outbreak You may be interested in… Oct 15, 2020 Oct 16, 2020 Six Eastern Caribbean countries deemed safe for travel – CDC Prime Minister Mottley also used last night’s occasion to release the song “This is who we are” which she commissioned to help Barbadians through the COVID-19 pandemic.   St. Lucia records more cases of COVID Oct 16, 2020 Oct 15, 2020 The Prime Minister, in her national address, announced that: Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading… CARICOM SG commends regional response to COVID-19CARICOM Secretary-General, Ambassador Irwin LaRocque, has commended the health emergency response mechanism engineered by the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA) to keep the Community free of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Secretary-General LaRocque said the inter-agency collaboration that was taking place was another example of the co-ordination required to address the…February 18, 2020In “31Intersessional”Bahamas PM Urges Caution as the Country Enters Another Phase of its ReopeningCMC NASSAU, Bahamas – The Bahamas is moving into another stage of the reopening of its economy amid warnings that nationals and visitors alike could be fined as much as US$1,000 for failing to wear a mask in public, and an appeal to nationals to remain in the country for…June 29, 2020In “General”St. Kitts And Nevis Confirms Two COVID-19 CasesNATIONAL STATEMENT ON COVID-19 By the Hon Wendy Colleen Phipps Minister of State with Responsibility for Health March 25, 2020 In my capacity as Minister of State with Responsibility for Health, it is my duty to inform you that as of 11:03 pm on Tuesday, March 24, 2020, the Federation…March 25, 2020In “CARICOM”Share this on WhatsApplast_img read more

FROM THE MAGAZINE: Airships and drones prepare for lift-off

first_imgCargo drones are about to take to the skies. In early June, Amazon unveiled a vehicle that takes off vertically, then tilts to fly horizontally, equipped with a battery of sensors and artificial intelligence to avoid other objects. It can fly up to 15 miles (24.1 km) and carry items of up to 2.3 kg.The e-commerce behemoth was set to start trial deliveries “within months”, having obtained a special airworthiness certificate that is valid for one year.In Canada, commercial cargo drone operations are expected to get under way around October, according to Tim Strauss, vice president of cargo at Air Canada. His outfit signed an agreement with Drone Delivery Canada (DDC) in early June to assume the commercial representation for the drone company, marketing its capacity.Neither development is going to rock the project cargo world. While Amazon’s drone is designed to lift small parcels, DDC has run trials moving medical shipments and supplies to remote communities in Canada’s north with a model that can carry up to 22.7 kg. Rather than focus on a particular drone model, DDC has developed an operating system akin to an airline operations control set-up that can accommodate a multitude of drones. In the future it will take on drones with larger payloads, said Strauss.“It is a small plane and a short distance, but it is a start,” said Tim Komberec, president of Empire Airlines. Empire chiefly operates feeder freighters for FedEx and Hawaiian Airlines, but it has also been active in drone development through a dedicated offshoot, Empire Unmanned. To date, this has fielded its models primarily for surveillance work. It recently signed a national firefighting contract that will see its drones operate beyond line of sight to monitor wildfires.“We are gaining some experience in beyond-line-of-sight work,” said Komberec, who is interested in project work in the longer term.While surveillance jobs are regarded as one possible use for drones in the project field, Colin d’Abreo, president of Rhenus Project Logistics, reckons they can also move smaller loads within large project sites, such as shuttling tools and parts from base camp to jobsites.Airship advancesUnlike drones, airships are not ready to start cargo flights this year, but they are getting closer. Lockheed Martin appears to be leading the race at the moment. Hybrid Air Freighters (HAF), its Paris-based operating offshoot, expects to start flying the first LMH-1 airships in 2020 or 2021. The LMH-1 is designed to carry payloads up to 21 tons (19.5 tonnes) in a cargo bay measuring 3.04 m x 3.04 m x 18.3 m.Flying Whales aims to make the first flight of its LCA60T airship in 2022. The unit will be able to carry up to 60 tons (54.4 tonnes) – far beyond the capability of even large military helicopters, pointed out market manager Romain Schalck. Among the company’s shareholders is the French Forest Authority, which has shaped the development of the aircraft. Aiming to operate in remote wooded areas, the LCA60T is designed to pick up and drop loads via a winch while remaining airborne.Several other concepts are moving forward, including Aeroscraft’s ML866 blimp that will have a payload capacity of nearly 60 tons; the company has plans for enhanced models capable of lifting 181 tons (163.3 tonnes) and 450 tons (408.2 tonnes). UK-based Airlander is also developing an airship, although the initial focus appears to be towards the cruise and travel markets.“At this point nobody knows what will be the dominant design,” said Barry Prentice, president of Canada-based Buoyant Aircraft Systems International, which signed a collaboration agreement with Airships do Brasil last year to build a 100-ton (90.7-tonne) capacity cargo airship.He thinks that airships have moved from “nice to have” to the “need to have” stage. He gave the example of northern Canada, where increasing temperatures have limited the time ice roads can be used; the astronomical costs of moving goods to remote communities; and the difficulties involved in moving large wind turbine blades over the surface. Airships could move blades that are twice the current maximum size allowed on the ground, he argued.With the exception of Airlander, the leading airship developers have cargo fully in their sights, and the project sector is most prominent there. “We are working closely with industries,” said Schalck. “The most advanced relationships we have today are with the wind energy industry, both with manufacturers and wind farm developers.We are working closely with the major players in Europe and North America.”The oil and gas sector has also shown lively interest, he added.For electricity companies, the airship also opens up attractive possibilities. Besides carrying large loads like cable reels, they will be able to lift entire electricity towers, which currently have to be moved in sections, Schalck said.HAF and Columbia Helicopters, which signed a collaboration agreement last November for the management and operation of 12 LMH-1s, are looking primarily to the oil and gas, mining and construction sectors.More optionsFor his part, d’Abreo welcomes the prospect of more options to move project loads. “In project logistics it is time we had some innovation or some different solutions in terms of airfreight transport. The Antonovs and Ilyushins will always be needed for super-heavy cargo, but for mid-to not-so- heavy [cargoes], airships could be an option,” he commented. They would be ideal to reach hard-to-access locations like mountaintops and for offshore sites.HAF has indicated that it sees a market for several hundred airships. Current plans at Flying Whales call for 150 units to be produced during the first ten years.Among its shareholders is AVIC, a Chinese aerospace and defence conglomerate. When commercial activities get under way, the LCA60T will be produced both in France and in China.Turning out airships is only part of the battle, though. At this point there are only a few pilots available, Schalck said. Flying Whales intends to set up its own pilot school.Jurisdictions like Canada lack certification processes for pilots and mechanics as well as for airships themselves, noted Prentice. Flying Whales has worked closely with the authorities in Europe and hopes that certification there will pave the way for accreditation elsewhere around the world.Prentice believes that stand-alone operators will have to emerge over time. Initially developers may have to set up their own operating arms to get commercial activities under way, but in the long run he sees a need for operators in their own right. “Developing and operating airships are two different things,” he said.The fact that such questions are now being asked reflects the progress that the airship concept has made in recent years.This article is taken from HLPFI’s July/August 2019 edition.last_img read more