Croatia74.879.2 Harry Kane0.640.86+0.23 But it’s not just luck for England. As Bobby Gardiner highlighted for FiveThirtyEight, England has developed a legitimately good team with a coherent tactical identity based on pressing immediately after a turnover to win back the ball in dangerous areas.As Gardiner outlined, this tactic was developed in part because most of England’s players ply their trade at some of the highest-pressing sides in the world. But that’s not the only reason: England also lacks a proper creative midfielder. None of the top 30 ball progressors in the big five leagues is English, and the 31st, Jack Wilshere, did not make the squad.The hope is that by forcing turnovers, England can get the ball in advanced positions without asking less expansive passers like Dier or Jordan Henderson to provide progression from deep areas.So far the results have been mixed. England was dominant against Tunisia and created a number of clear chances from open play. But against Panama, Belgium and Colombia, England relied primarily on set plays to get chances. So far in the World Cup, according to data analytics firm Opta Sports, England has 30 shots from set plays, the most in the tournament — Spain is second with 28. Where England has particularly excelled is in winning fouls in dangerous areas to get shots from free kicks, either with direct attempts on goal or designed set plays. The Three Lions’ 17 shots from free kicks are by far the most at the World Cup, with Spain and Argentina trailing at 12. Uruguay66.985.4 The incredible season that Mo Salah had for Liverpool somewhat obscured Sterling’s massive improvement in production — 22 goals and 12 assists in a little over 3,000 minutes in the Premier League and the Champions League. But set pieces aren’t Sterling’s game. While Kane attempted 26 headed shots last season in the Premier League, Sterling attempted just one. Sterling excels at receiving balls at his feet — he was second in the league in progressive passes received with 6.5.Though England’s set plays have been good for Kane — as his two goals against Tunisia demonstrated — they’ve done nothing for Sterling, who has no goals and just one assist in his three games played. The best way to get Sterling involved would be to develop an open-play strategy for getting the ball into the penalty area and allowing him to create. So long as England depends on set plays, the team sidelines one of its most dangerous attackers.The Three Lions have made it this far through an easy draw with the press and set play plan. But if England intends on defeating a superpower like Brazil or France and lifting the cup, it will need both of its forwards in the game.Check out our latest World Cup predictions. Sweden76.282.9 Belgium67.885.3 England’s two breakout starsPlayers under age 27 in the big five European leagues who showed the most improvement from the 2015-16 and 2016-17 seasons to 2017-18 in expected goals plus assists TeamAvg. Opponents’ SPI so farFuture Opponents’ SPI* England70.579.2 Brazil73.282.8 Russia71.282.6 England’s easy road will remain easyThe eight World Cup quarterfinalists by average SPI of tournament opponents so far and a weighted average of potential future opponents Willian Jose0.360.58+0.22 France74.082.8 Neymar0.991.19+0.20 Wilfried Zaha0.280.56+0.28 Mohamed Salah0.721.10+0.38 The big five are the Premier League (England), Ligue 1 (France), La Liga (Spain), Serie A (Italy) and the Bundesliga (Germany).Source: Opta Sports 2015-172017-18Difference Florian Thauvin0.460.76+0.29 Lucas Ocampos0.370.56+0.19 As manager Gareth Southgate has said, this success in set plays does reflect effective attacking play, forcing opposition teams to give up fouls in dangerous areas. In other words, England is doing a good job of progressing the ball into the final third, and the team is being rewarded with set piece opportunities.However, these tactics do not suit one of England’s best players. England isn’t a legitimate World Cup contender simply because Harry Kane happened. At the same time that Kane was developing into one of soccer’s best pure strikers for Tottenham, Raheem Sterling was making the leap at Manchester City and becoming an elite inside forward. When Eric Dier drove his penalty kick just past the outstretched fingers of Colombian goalkeeper David Ospina and into the back of the net, he broke a 22-year English streak of losing on penalty kicks. The obvious question now is whether England can break a far more important streak that’s lasted even longer: 52 years without winning a World Cup.While every team in the quarterfinals has a nonzero chance of lifting the cup, this question presses on England particularly for two reasons. First, England got a massively fortunate draw. The two powerhouse teams remaining in the tournament, Brazil and France, are both on the opposite side of the bracket. Spain was supposed to block England’s path to the final, but it lost on penalties to Russia. This leaves just Sweden and either Croatia or Russia standing in the way of The Three Lions.And second, it’s not like England had to knock off the world’s best to get here. Drawn into a group with Tunisia and Panama as well as Belgium, England was hugely favored to reach the knockouts. Colombia as a round of 16 draw was difficult on paper, but the absence of superstar James Rodriguez meant that even this match was not against a true equal.According to FiveThirtyEight’s Soccer Power Index as a measure of the quality of competition,1We used the pre-tournament SPI ratings. Uruguay and Belgium have had the lightest schedule, but each would likely have to get through both Brazil and France to make the final. England has faced the third weakest set of opponents to date, and its run to the final is projected as the second easiest of all the remaining contenders, ever so slightly behind Croatia.2Future opponents’ SPI represents a weighted average of each possible opponent’s SPI in the semifinals and finals and the likelihood of that team advancing that far. These probabilities were taken before the start of play Friday. Kylian Mbappe0.770.97+0.20 Expected Goals & Assists Per 90 min. Future opponents’ SPI represents a weighted average of each possible opponent’s SPI in the semifinals and finals and the likelihood of that team advancing that far. Son Heung-min0.490.71+0.22 Raheem Sterling0.600.90+0.31
OSU freshman wide receiver Binjimen Victor (9) catches his first career touchdown during the second half of the Buckeyes 62-3 win against Maryland on Nov. 12. Credit: Alexa Mavrogianis | Photo EditorReminiscent of 2014, Ohio State has found itself benefitting from a crazy string of events. In a bizarre Saturday evening in which the Buckeyes destroyed an unranked and overmatched Maryland team 62-3, it seems like a real possibility that OSU will be in playoff talks come Tuesday when the latest College Football Playoff poll is released. After the complete blowout of the Terrapins, the Buckeyes have established themselves as one of the most dominate teams in the Big Ten and in all of college football. Saturday was an example of the incredible talent the team holds within, and how OSU coach Urban Meyer has become one of the best coaches in the NCAA.With Clemson likely out and OSU likely in the playoff picture, here are five takeaways from Saturday’s 62-3 victory over Maryland.Ohio State has lofty expectationsThe Buckeyes are rolling right now, and that’s an understatement. With more than 120 points scored in the past two games, and less than seven points allowed, the team is the definition of dominating right now. But with strong performances come lofty expectations, and those expectations will be in the clouds now that OSU will be in the playoff hunt. OSU coach Urban Meyer is confident in his players ability, and is ready to see how they do the rest of the season.“We’re going to find out now but our offensive line is playing much better in the last two weeks, and we know exactly what’s coming down the road,” he said.The fan base will be hungry for more blowouts, and the toughest test of the year lies ahead for the Buckeyes.Offense no longer an issue1,171 yards in two weeks is an impressive mark for the Buckeyes’ offense. After floundering against Penn State and Northwestern, the offense has been on fire in consecutive weeks. Redshirt junior quarterback J.T. Barrett has been smooth and solid, and junior H-back Curtis Samuel is filling into his Swiss Army Knife role. Meanwhile, the offensive line has given up just two sacks in as many weeks.“I think the main thing is go hard in practice and come out here and execute and just try to play our best ball in November … that’s where the season really hangs your hat on, those November games,” Barrett said. “So we try to do our best in those games.”The offense is firing on all cylinders at all the right times for the Buckeyes, and no longer will OSU have to worry about a stagnant offense.It gets worse for RutgersThings are just not going in the right direction for Chris Ash and the Scarlet Knights. Ash is 2-8 in his first season at the helm, and remains winless in the conference.What makes everything worse for Rutgers is the fact the rest of the year will be no smoother, as the team faces a top-10 Penn State squad and Maryland.The Terrapins were just demolished by OSU, so why should Rutgers worry?This week, Michigan State dominated the Scarlet Knights 49-0. Earlier this year, the Spartans dropped a 28-17 contest in College Park, which is exactly where Rutgers faces Maryland in two weeks.It’s still early in Ash’s tenure as coach, but things are not looking great in New Jersey.Binjimen Victor can be a threat down the fieldThe freshman has been seeing more and more playing time in November, and has presented himself as an over-the-top threat. Last week, Victor was close to having his first touchdown reception, but could not hang on and get his foot down in the back of the end zone. This week, Victor stutter-stepped in front of Maryland sophomore cornerback J.C. Jackson at the line of scrimmage and broke free on the inside of Jackson. Victor got the inside shoulder and a step on his defender, and redshirt freshman quarterback Joe Burrow delivered a crisp pass.Even though he was interfered with on the play, Victor pulled it in for his first score of both the season and his career. Meyer said going Victor’s way in the redzone has been a part of the plan for a while now.“I think Bin Victor, we’ve been dying to get him the ball,” he said. “His wingspan, he’s really a good player. He’s starting to learn the high level of football, the speed that’s required and understand the offense.”It was initially thought that Victor would not make much of a mark this year due to his relatively skinny frame (6-foot-4, 185 pounds), but the Buckeyes might have found their downfield target for the remainder of the season.Opening drive dilemma a thing of the pastFor weeks, OSU could not find a way to score on the opening drives. Marred by turnovers, missed opportunities and a lack of touchdowns, the last three weeks have resulted in three touchdowns on the team’s opening drives.In the previous seven games, OSU scored just three points on the initial drives.With a defense that has allowed just 26 points over the course of the last three games, getting out to an early lead foreshadows an OSU win.“I felt like the offense was flowing well,” Samuel said. “First half, everything was really going our way, execution was high, everything was going great.”The OSU offense will be looking to capitalize on the first drive for an early lead again next week. And with the way Michigan State has played this season, don’t be surprised if the Buckeyes can open up their next game with yet another touchdown.
LeBron James might be 48 minutes from free agency.Technically, he’ll have to officially reject the player option on his contract, but that’s been a forgone conclusion since he signed his current contract three years ago.But one loss, in Game 6 in front of what will surely be a raucous crowd at the Boston Garden, and the Cleveland Cavaliers will no longer have a leash on the league MVP.That statement alone sparks an adrenaline rush in Cavs fans, shivers creeping down their backs.Unfortunately for them, it hasn’t had the same effect on their beloved team and superstar.Urgency. It’s a word that applies to all facets of life, whether it’s taking an ill relative to the emergency room, cramming the night before an exam or playing with fire in a game that could swing a postseason series in one team’s favor and also send the best player in the NBA bolting the city for another market.The Cavs played with as much passion and tenacity in Game 5 as the elderly do on bingo night.That lack of fire starts with one person who needs to set the Garden ablaze in Game 6: LeBron.It’s LeBron’s Cleveland clock ticking toward zero. No one is more aware of the chance that he won’t be sporting wine and gold two months from now.But forecasting July’s events should wait until after the postseason.LeBron might never have a supporting cast as talented as the one that serves him now.Sure, Mike Brown makes unjustifiable substitutions, can’t decide on a rotation and has been severely outcoached by Doc Rivers.But The King’s drama-queen persona has placed LeBron on a pedestal, high above his coach on the Cavs’ totem pole. It’s LeBron’s team. He, not the coach, is the leader.If the Cavs can’t stop the bleeding tonight, Brown will probably lose his job. But make no mistake about it — owner Dan Gilbert, GM Danny Ferry and just about every Cleveland fan will throw themselves at King James between then and July 1.The Celtics have earned recognition as the gritty, veteran group that “knows how to win.”But the Cavs play a number of seasoned veterans as well. Shaquille O’Neal has more rings (four) than the Celtics’ vaunted “Big Three” of Kevin Garnett, Ray Allen and Paul Pierce has combined (three). LeBron, Brown and several other Cavs reached the NBA Finals a mere three years ago.However, it’s the mindsets of the two teams that has one side exceeding expectations and the other on the brink of a city-wide Armageddon, the largest, most catastrophic meltdown since Chernobyl.The Celtics have summoned the swagger that pushed them to a championship 23 months ago. The Cavs strolled the floor at The Q Tuesday night boasting an undeserved sense of entitlement, as if even a subpar effort would do the job.Does LeBron care more about marketing his services to the most attractive suitor in two months than he does about winning postseason games that aid in defining his basketball legacy? His passive, uninspired play in Game 5 favors the former.LeBron’s actions and mannerisms rub off on his teammates more than any player in the league. His teammates take part in his intricate handshake routines, they join him in dancing away the fourth quarters of blowouts and they model their on-court resolve after their fearless leader. The ineffectiveness and timidness displayed by Mo Williams, Delonte West, Antawn Jamison and others are as much a reflection on LeBron as they are on the individuals themselves.If LeBron was a movie director, then Game 5 was his Blair Witch Project (although for Clevelanders, it was actually scary).After a scoreless first half, LeBron continued his submissive approach after intermission. His first basket — a soft dunk off of a cherry-picked fast break midway through the third quarter — epitomized his lackluster effort.And LeBron’s post-game demeanor didn’t exactly offer any hope to Cavs fans searching for a killer instinct somewhere within his 6-foot-8-inch, 260-pound frame.“I spoil a lot of people with my play,” he said. “When you have three bad games in seven years, it’s easy to point them out.”In other words, “Cleveland, appreciate what I’ve brought you, not what I haven’t brought you.”As the adage goes, “You don’t know what you have until it’s gone.” But Clevelanders don’t have to wait until LeBron departs to know what they don’t have — a championship team that actually lives up to haughty expectations.“I put a lot of pressure on myself to be out there and be the best player on the court, and when I’m not I feel bad for myself because I’m not going out there and doing the things I can do,” he said. “But I don’t hang my head low or make any excuses about anything that may be going on, because that’s not the type of player or person I am.”Not exactly the fired-up, PO’ed attitude we expect elite talents to convey after monumental defeats.This loss didn’t officially end the series, but LeBron’s actions and words suggest that the end of an era might be just around the corner.Entering Game 5, the general consensus indicated that LeBron would likely stay in Cleveland, where he starred on a perennial championship-caliber team with a spend-happy owner.After one, landscape-altering performance, that conjecture has taken a 180.That dramatic switch is all on LeBron. And maybe that’s the way he prefers it.But if Michael Jordan had trailed at halftime of a must-win game on his home court, he would have taken it upon himself to motivate his troops and embrace his role as pilot.Instead, LeBron is driving the Cavs’ plane into the ground.There’s still a small amount of time to re-route it onto its expected path. The city of Cleveland anticipates a crash landing. But if the plane goes down, LeBron, the pilot, could be the lone survivor.
Jared Sullinger is undoubtedly the star of the Buckeyes. The freshman forward is a sure-fire top-five pick in the NBA draft, draws the ire — and spit — of opposing fans and, most notably, runs the Columbus karaoke scene with his renditions of Miley Cyrus songs. He accounts for almost a quarter of OSU’s offense, an offense that runs mostly through him, despite freshman forward Deshaun Thomas’ best efforts. Yet, if the Buckeyes want to win a National Championship, it will hinge on the efforts of soft-spoken junior guard William Buford. His importance to the team was even more apparent in OSU’s two losses. Buford ignited his squad in the first and early second half of the game at Wisconsin. However, he disappeared at the end. OSU coach Thad Matta even said Buford, at the end of the game, lacked the same kind of aggressiveness he showed earlier. Against Purdue, he picked up two early fouls that knocked him out of rhythm. Still, in a game like that, he can’t take just five shots. When all else fails, like it did against Purdue for long stretches, the team needs Buford because he is the only one who can create his own shot off the dribble. College basketball — and really basketball, in general — is dominated by guard play. Of the past 20 players to win the NCAA Tournament’s Most Outstanding Player award, only five of them were primarily post players. Naturally, some of that is because of the overall lack of size in college basketball, as most tall and talented players go to the NBA after one year. That’s what makes a team like Ohio State, with a dominant post player, so tough to guard. Sullinger can only go as far as the rest of his team takes him. That’s where Buford comes in. Sure, fifth-year senior forward David Lighty has the ability to take over, but his jump shot isn’t consistent enough. Senior guard Jon Diebler is only a spot-up shooter, and freshman point guard Aaron Craft serves more as a facilitator, with most of his points coming in transition. We have seen Buford dominate in stretches of games this season, more thoroughly than ever before. His ball-handling skills have improved light-years beyond where they were even a year ago. At times, though, when he’s not the primary ball handler, and with Craft on the floor, he seems to be more passive. When Matta last had a dominant post player, Greg Oden, he took his team to the Final Four. That 2006–07 team’s run was aided by dominant guard play. Guard Ron Lewis hit the game-saving shot against Xavier, and also had big games against Tennessee and Memphis. Point guard Mike Conley Jr. and guard Jamar Butler were also key contributors. Sullinger is more naturally gifted on offense than Oden, and does a better job of staying out of foul trouble. Yet, for as tough as he is on the blocks, he can’t do it alone through a rigorous March and, possibly, April. If the Buckeyes want their “one shining moment,” as national champions, No. 44 fulfills an equally important role in getting them there.
Junior center Amir Williams dunks the ball. OSU beat Nebraska, 71-67, in the second round of the Big Ten Tournament at Bankers Life Fieldhouse March 14. Credit: Shelby Lum / Photo editor INDIANAPOLIS — Ohio State was finished.After leading by as much as eight points in the first half, Nebraska used a huge run late in the first half and into the second to surge out to a 48-30 lead with 13:45 left.But sparked by sophomore guard Amedeo Della Valle and the scoring prowess of junior forward LaQuinton Ross, the Buckeyes fought their way all the way to steal a 71-67 win Friday and advance to the semifinals of the Big Ten Tournament.“I’ll tell you what, I’m very proud of these guys and the effort that they put forth,” OSU coach Thad Matta said after the win. “We fought, we clawed, and found a way to win the basketball game.”A dunk by junior forward Sam Thompson made the score 58-56 with 4:42 left, as OSU’s pressure defense caused problems for the Cornhuskers.Ross made two free throws to tie the game at 63 with 1:52 remaining, and on its next possession OSU took the lead for the first time since there was one minute remaining in the first half after he made two more.The Buckeyes were able to make enough free throws down the stretch — they shot just 17-28 from the line during the game — to secure the victory.Matta said the come from behind win ranks with the Notre Dame game Dec. 21, where OSU came back from eight points down in the final minute to win, 64-61.“What were we down, 18 with 10 (minutes) to go today?” Matta said. “This one was probably — the stakes were high on this one … This one was definitely up there. No question about it.”Della Valle finished with 12 points off the bench for OSU to go along with six rebounds. He also hit a big 3-pointer that cut Nebraska’s lead to two with 2:51 to play.“Definitely one of the toughest games for me,” Della Valle said after the game. “But I’m glad we came out with the win.”Different from their first round victory against Purdue, the Buckeyes came out of the gate quickly against the Cornhuskers and led 11-3 after Ross buried a jumper with 14:57 left.After a dunk by junior center Amir Williams to give OSU (25-8, 12-8) a 20-12 lead, the Cornhuskers would finish the first half on a 19-8 run over the last 8:50 to take a 31-28 advantage into the locker room.The Buckeyes’ woes offensively toward the end of the opening half could have been a result of Nebraska (19-12, 11-8) switching to zone defense, as OSU found it difficult to get good shots inside.Early turnovers also prevented OSU from extending the lead when it had the chance, as the Buckeyes committed nine in the game’s first 20 minutes. Nebraska also made 5-13 shots from beyond the three-point arc, compared to just 1-8 shooting by OSU.Things didn’t get any better for the Buckeyes early in the second half, as Nebraska continued it’s scoring run to take a 36-28 lead and forcing Matta to call a timeout with 17:50 left.Ross would hit a tough shot in the lane to stop the bleeding momentarily, but the Buckeyes struggled further to score after as Nebraska’s lead swelled to 48-30 after sophomore forward Terran Petteway made two free throws at the 13:45 mark. Ross also picked up another technical foul — his third in seven games — during the run.But OSU would storm back with help from a stifling full court press and were able to come out on top.Thompson — who finished the game with seven points — said that although recent games against the Cornhuskers have been close, he wouldn’t call it a rivalry with them for one simple reason.“They haven’t beaten us enough for it to be a rivalry,” Thompson said.Senior guard Aaron Craft said after the victory he wasn’t sure what the difference was against Nebraska, since OSU has struggled in late game situations this season to secure victories. But in all, keeping their mind right was key.“We did a good job of never giving up, a phenomenal job of staying focused,” Craft said. “We kept looking up and seeing how much time was left on the clock.”Ross finished with a career-high 26 points and 13 rebounds. Petteway led the Cornhuskers with 20 points.“We stayed together through the whole thing. There was never any panic during the whole situation,” Ross said after the win. “If you watch some of our games earlier in the year, we was down less points than that, I think we were down 18 here. A couple games, like Minnesota, we (were) probably down five and we panicked but that game right there we (were) able to not panic and got through it.”Up next, the Buckeyes are scheduled to take on rival and top-seeded Michigan Saturday with a chance to play for their sixth straight tournament championship on the line.Tipoff is set for 1:40 p.m. from Bankers Life Fieldhouse.
The advert was intended to be ‘tongue-in-cheek’Credit:Nick Ansell /PA He said that the campaign featured a “varied mixture of men and women across various cultures and ages”, and that they “never sought to alienate or insult anybody”.”The campaign, created by a team of men and women, is designed to be thought-provoking and to prompt conversation, but it was not our intention to cause offence.”It would appear that this particular advert – taken apart from the rest of the campaign – has done so and we will be taking steps to remove it as a result.” Another wrote: “Yes, because that’s what women are – decorative addendums. #past40yearsneverhappened.”The advert formed part of a campaign by the estate agent which features photographs of people with captions pertaining to match their image to a similar property.David Brown, chief executive of Marsh & Parsons, said: “Marsh & Parsons has a recent history of tongue-in-cheek advertisements that compare people to property and reflect that the range of people we work with are as diverse as the types of properties we sell and let.”We have always tried to get our message across with a gentle sense of humour and up until now, our work has been extremely well-received.” The Advertising Standards Authority said it was assessing six complaints about the advert. A “sexist” advert for an estate agent depicting a young woman with an older man will be removed after it sparked a backlash.The Marsh & Parsons poster – captioned “a charming period property with a modern extension” – prompted criticism on social media after it was spotted on the London Underground.One Twitter user commented: “How did @MarshandParsons estate agents miss 2nd half of 20th c & 21st c? What sexist stereotypes. #everydaysexism.” The poster was put up at London Underground stations Credit:Nick Ansell /PA Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.
Prof Chapman said: “Very few recipes provided relevant food safety information, and 34 of those 123 recipes gave readers information that was not safe.”Put another way, only 89 out of 1,497 recipes gave readers reliable information that they could use to reduce their risk of foodborne illness.”The study, published in the British Food Journal, also found 99.7 per cent of recipes gave readers “subjective indicators” to determine when a dish was done cooking, with none to tell if a dish was safely cooked.Katrina Levine, the study’s co-author, said: “The most common indicator was cooking time, which appeared in 44 per cent of the recipes. And cooking time is particularly unreliable, because so many factors can affect how long it takes to cook something: the size of the dish being cooked, how cold it was before going into the oven, differences in cooking equipment, and so on.”Prof Chapman added: “Ideally, cookbooks can help us make food tasty and reduce our risk of getting sick, so we’d like to see recipes include good endpoint cooking temperatures.”A similar study was done 25 years ago and found similar results – so nothing has changed in the past quarter century. But by talking about these new results, we are hoping to encourage that change.” They found only 123 recipes – eight per cent – mentioned cooking the dish to a specific temperature, while not all of the temperatures listed were high enough to reduce the risk of food poisoning. Very few recipes provided relevant food safety information, and 34 of those 123 recipes gave readers information that was not safeProfessor Ben Chapman Cooking time is particularly unreliable, because so many factors can affect how long it takes to cook somethingKatrina Levine, the study’s co-author Best-selling celebrity cookbooks are giving bad advice on hygiene and some provide little information on how to avoid food poisoning, researchers have warned.Recipes involving meat products often do not include adequate warnings or information about what the endpoint temperatures should be, a study found. Researchers from North Carolina State University analysed nearly 1,500 recipes from 29 cookbooks, which they say includes, amongst others, Gwyneth Paltrow’s It’s All Good.Other examples of chefs whose cookbooks fell short of offering readers enough safety advice include Giada De Laurentiis, presenter of the Food Network, Ina Garten, better known as the Barefoot Contessa, and Rachel Ray. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. The researchers warned that some of the recipes studied contained incorrect information, while others gave no direction at all. Professor Ben Chapman said: “Cookbooks aren’t widely viewed as a primary source of food safety information. But cookbook sales are strong and they are intended to be instructional.”He cited as an example a recipe found in one of the books for rotisserie-style roast chicken. “It’s one… that does not have a safe endpoint temperature included – which should be 165F or 74C to ensure you destroy disease causing bacteria,” he said.Poultry is a known carrier of salmonella but can be safely consumed when cooked to an appropriate internal temperature.Prof Chapman said the researchers wanted to see if cookbooks were providing any food safety information. All of the recipes they considered included handling raw animal ingredients such as meat, poultry, seafood or eggs.Specifically, researchers looked whether the recipe told readers to cook the dish to a specific internal temperature, and if that temperature had been shown to be “safe”. They also looked at whether the recipes perpetuated food safety myths.
A common nightingale Credit: FLPA/REX/Shutterstock Wild deer should be hunted for venison to reduce populations and help woodland birds, experts have said, as the the nightingale was added to the list of threatened species for the first time.The British deer population now stands at around 1.5 million, the highest level it has been for 1,000 years, with numbers doubling since 1999.But while deer are thriving, woodland songbirds are in serious decline with species such as the turtle dove dropping 77 per cent in the last decade. The RSPB’s latest State of the UK Bird report added nightingales and pied flycatchers to its red list of the most threatened.Dr Markus Eichhorn at Nottingham University’s School of Life Sciences, found that when dense deer populations are present in woodland there is 68 per cent less foliage below two metres, which ground-nesting birds like nightingales rely on for breeding. The curlew is a threatened species He suggests the problem could be solved by hunting deer and re-establishing venison as a British dietary staple.”It is clear from our research that if we want to encourage more woodland birds then we need to take action to restore the woodland structures they require but in many areas it will need a drastic reduction in deer to have any real impact,” said Dr Eichhorn, who published his findings in the Journal of Applied Ecology.”We should not think of it in terms of a cull. We already eat venison in Britain but a large proportion of that is farmed meat. If wild-caught deer appeared on our menus or in the local butchers it would encourage people to eat venison as readily as beef or lamb and would help conservation in our woodland areas.”Deer populations have been steadily increasing since the 1963 Deer Act stopped the animals from being treated as vermin, and now hunters require a licence. They also have no natural predators, such as lynx or wolves and each year are responsible for around 50,000 traffic accidents and the death of around 20 people.Working with the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO), Dr Eichhorn set out to establish the implications for our woodlands of the large the deer population, which includes both the indigenous species of Roe and Red deer, as well as later invasive species such as the Fallow deer which was introduced by the Normans and Reeves’ muntjac, Chinese water deer and sika deer which arrived on our shores in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Dr Daniel Hayhow, RSPB Conservation Scientist, said: “Wild deer are an important part of our woodlands. However, without natural predators there is a risk that deer populations left unchecked could be damaging to habitats and wildlife.”Greater demand for wild venison, and better management of our wild deer herds could be beneficial to our woodlands, giving vegetation more chance to regrow and providing conditions that would encourage more species to share our woodland.”However, any hunting must be sustainable and help to maintain a natural balance rather than motivated solely by the demand for meat.”The RSPB report contained good news for some species. Golden eagle numbers have increased by 15 per cent since the previous survey in 2003. There is good news for cirl buntings too, which are now estimated to have over 1,000 breeding pairs. The winter thrushes survey shows how important the UK is for continental migrating birds.Two species, the bittern and nightjar, have moved from red to amber thanks to conservation management while 22 species, including the red kite, have moved from the amber to the green list meaning they are now of the lowest conservation concern. Fallow deer grazing at Attingham Park in ShropshireCredit:David Bagnall / Alamy Stock Photo The study produced 3D images of of 40 woodland areas in England allowing a detailed analysis of whole forest structures from the ground to the treetops and quantified for the first time the series impact that populations were having on songbird habitats.The RSPB report also found that more than one quarter of British birds are in urgent need of conservation with the puffin, curlew, dotterel, whinchat, grey wagtail and merlin also joining the growing list of threatened species.The curlew is also now considered ‘near threatened’ globally and with urgent action required to halt their decline, an International Single Species Action Plan has been created. The RSPB said that Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.
Dealing with stressful life events, such as a difficult mother-in-law, having your home flooded or your partner having an affair, can age the brain by four years and increase the risk of dementia, scientists have found. For children and teenagers, having to repeat a year of school, being expelled or growing up with a parent who abused drugs or alcohol were found to be particularly damaging to the brain. Likewise, for adults, losing a job, the death of a parent or spouse, long term unemployment and joining the Army all had negative consequences in later life, the … Researchers identified 27 scenarios which are so upsetting they put severe strain on the body and cause long-term health problems.